International Produce Training

Category Archives: Defect Identification

Apples- Insect Damage

Insect damage, affecting apples is pretty much straight forward.  There are specific scoring guidelines for “injury,” “damage,” and for “serious damage.”  All worm holes are scored as a free from defect, always score as a serious damage defect when found.  If insect stings are found, the following guideline is offered: 51.316 Injury. (h) Insects: (1) […]

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Table Grapes- Discolored Spots

This post is more of a general discussion, not just a defect specific to grapes.  What would you do if you found a defect, like pictured here, that you were certain progressed into decay?  In this case, these seedless grapes show numerous discolored spots.  You can clearly see the discolored spots are eventually becoming decayed […]

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Yellow Squash- Mosaic

Every now and then you come across an unusual defect.  These images of defective summer squash were sent to me asking for my opinion.   Even after all of the years I’ve been around produce, this one defect I’ve never seen before.  So what do you do?  My first suggestion would be to reference the […]

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Plums- Hollow Cavities

I am sure you have seen hollow heart in watermelons and potatoes.  My guess is hollow cavities found in plums is caused by the same growing condition, a sudden growth spurt brought on by heavy rains, heat or excessive fertilizer. This causes the fruit to grow rapidly, faster than the internal flesh, resulting in hollow […]

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Pears- Scald

A rail car of Bartlett pears was recently inspected and the pears were found to be in the firm ripe to ripe stage of firmness, with greenish yellow to yellow color.  But the major defect found was a high percentage of scald. The USDA Inspection states the following:  “It first appears as a brown to black […]

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