International Produce Training

Pears, Summer and Fall

Grades

U.S. No. 1.

U.S. Combination.

U.S. No. 2.

 

Tolerances

10% total defects including 5% serious damage by insects, and not more than 1% for decay or internal breakdown.

 

Good Delivery Guidelines:
15% total, including 8% serious damage, including 3% decay

 

Common Defects:

Damage by:

(a) Skin breaks when any pear with one skin break larger than 3/16 inch in diameter or depth, or with more than one skin break 1/8 inch or larger in diameter or depth.

(b) Limb rubs when dark brown discoloration or excessive roughness caused by limbrubs exceeds an aggregate area of 1/2 inch in diameter.

(c) Hail marks when or other similar depressions or scars which are not shallow or superficial, or where the injury affects an aggregate area of more than 3/8 inch in diameter.

(d) Bruising when a soft bruise, or any bruise over 3/16 inch in depth; or any bruise over 7/8 inch in diameter.

(e) Surface discoloration when the color of the affected areas is a medium brown and the areas aggregate more than 5% of the surface, or the color of the affected areas is very dark brown or black and the aggregate area exceeds that of a circle 3/4 inch in diameter.

 

Serious damage by:

(a) Skin breaks when seriously affecting the appearance.

(b) Limb rubs when more than slightly cracked, or excessively rough limbrubs or dark brown or black discoloration caused by limbrubs which exceeds an aggregate area of 3/4 inch in diameter. Other limbrubs which affect an aggregate area of more than one-tenth of the surface.

(c) Hail marks when or other similar depressions or scars affect an aggregate area of more than 3/4 inch in diameter, or which materially deform or disfigure the fruit.

(d) Bruising when over 3/8 inch in depth; or any bruise over 1-1/4 inches in diameter.

(e) Surface discoloration when the color of the affected areas is a medium brown and the areas aggregate more than 15% of the surface, or the color of the affected areas is very dark brown or black and the aggregate area exceeds that of a circle 1-1/4 inches in diameter.

 

View Standard