International Produce Training

Oranges, California Arizona

Grades

U.S. Fancy.

U.S. No. 1.

U.S. Combination.

U.S. No. 2.

 

Tolerances

For defects en route or at destination. Not more than 10% may fail to meet the requirements relating to color. In addition, not more than 12% total defects; Provided, that included in this amount not more than the following percentages shall be allowed for defects listed: 10% for permanent defects; including 7% for serious damage, including 5% for serious damage by permanent defects and 3% for decay.

 

Good Delivery Guidelines:
15% total, including 8% serious damage, including 5% decay
 

 

Common Defects:

Damage by:

(a) Dryness or mushy condition when affecting all segments more than 1/4 inch at the stem end, or the equivalent of this amount, by volume, when occurring in other portions of the fruit;

(b) Creasing which materially weakens the skin, or which extends over more than one-third of the fruit surface;

(c) Oil spots (oleocellosis or similar injuries) which are depressed or soft, or which have an aggregate area of more than 5% of the fruit surface, or which are green and more than 7 in number;

(d) Skin breakdown when exceeding that of a circle 1/4 inch in diameter.

(e) Bruising when segment walls are collapsed, or albedo and juice sacs are ruptured.

 

Serious damage by:

(a) Dryness or mushy condition when affecting all segments more than 1/2 inch at the stem end, or the equivalent of this amount, by volume, when occurring in other portions of the fruit;

(b) Creasing which seriously weakens the skin, or which is distributed over practically the entire fruit surface;

(c) Oil spots (oleocellosis or similar injuries) which are depressed or soft, or which have an aggregate area of more than 10% of the fruit surface;

(d) Skin breakdown when exceeding that of a circle 5/8 inch in diameter.

(e) Bruising when fruit has been split open, peel is badly watersoaked following bruising or albedo and juice sacs are ruptured causing a mushy condition affecting all segments more than 3/4 inch at bruised area or the equivalent of this amount, by volume, when affecting more than one area on the fruit.

 

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